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James Earl Carter Jr. A member of the Democratic Partyhe previously served as a Georgia State Senator from to and as the 76th Governor of Georgia from to Since leaving the presidency, Carter has remained active in the private sector; inhe was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in co-founding the Carter Center. After the death of his father inCarter left his naval career and returned home to Georgia to take up the reins of his family's peanut-growing business.
Carter inherited comparatively little due to his father's forgiveness of debts and the division of the estate among the children. Nevertheless, his ambition to expand and grow der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten Carters' peanut business was fulfilled. During this period, Carter was motivated der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten oppose the political climate of racial segregation and support the growing civil rights movement.
He became an activist within the Democratic Party. From toCarter served in the Georgia State Senateand inhe was elected as Governor of Georgiadefeating former Governor Carl Sanders in the Democratic primary on an anti-segregation platform advocating affirmative action for ethnic minorities.
Carter remained as governor until Despite being a dark-horse candidate who was little known outside of Georgia at the start of the campaign, Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination. In the general electionCarter ran as an outsider and narrowly defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford. An evangelical ChristianCarter is credited with significantly moving the faith closer to the American mainstream; him advertising his devout Christian faith as a qualification on the campaign trail was unprecedented at the time and is seen as a significant event in the rise of the Christian right in America, even though they and Carter were political opponents.
On his second day in office, Carter pardoned all the Vietnam War draft evaders. During Carter's term as president, two new cabinet-level departments, the Department of Energy and the Department of Educationwere established. He established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and new technology. On the economic front, he confronted persistent stagflationa combination of high inflation, high unemployment and slow growth.
The end of his presidential tenure was marked by the — Iran hostage crisisthe energy crisisthe Three Mile Island nuclear accidentand the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. InCarter faced a challenge from Senator Ted Kennedy in the primaries, but he won re-nomination at the Democratic National Convention. Carter lost the general election to Republican nominee Ronald Reagan in an electoral landslide.
Polls of historians and political scientists usually rank Carter as an average president; he often receives more positive evaluations for his post-presidential work.
Inhe established the Carter Center to promote and expand human rights. He has traveled extensively to conduct peace negotiations, monitor elections, and advance disease prevention and eradication in developing nations. Carter is considered a key figure in the Habitat for Humanity charity. He has written over 30 books ranging from political memoirs to poetry while continuing to actively comment on ongoing American and global affairs, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The earliest-serving of the five living U. Carter Nursing Center in Plains, Georgiaa hospital where his mother was employed as a registered nurse. Carter was the first U.
Carter is a descendant of English immigrant Thomas Carter, who settled in Virginia in Numerous generations of Carters lived as cotton farmers in Georgia. Carter is also a descendant of Thomas Cornellan ancestor of Cornell University 's founder, and is distantly related to Richard Nixon and Bill Gates.
Plains was a boomtown of people at the time of Carter's birth. Carter's father was a successful local businessman, who ran a general storeand was an investor in farmland.
The family moved several times during Carter Jr. They eventually had three more children: GloriaRuthand Billy. Carter der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten along well with his parents, although his mother worked long hours and was often absent in his childhood. Although Earl was staunchly pro- segregationhe allowed his son to befriend the black farmhands' children. Carter was an enterprising teenager who was given his own acre of Earl's farmland where he grew, packaged, and sold peanuts.
He also rented out a section of tenant housing that der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten had purchased. Carter attended the Plains High School from to By that time, Archery and Plains had been impoverished by the Great Depressionbut the family benefited from New Der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten farming subsidies, and Earl took a position as a community leader.
Young Jimmy was a diligent student with a fondness for reading. A popular anecdote holds that he was passed over for valedictorian after he and his friends skipped school to venture downtown in a hot rod.
Carter's truancy was mentioned in a local newspaper, although it der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten not clear he would have been valedictorian anyway. As an adolescent, Carter played on the Plains High School basketball team; he also joined the Future Farmers of America and developed a lifelong interest in woodworking.
Carter had long dreamed of attending the U. Naval Academy. Inhe started undergraduate coursework in engineering at Georgia Southwestern College in nearby Americus. The following year, he transferred to the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, and he achieved admission to the Naval Academy in He was a good student but was seen as reserved and quiet, in contrast to the academy's culture of aggressive hazing of freshmen.
While at the academy, Carter fell in love with his sister Ruth's friend Rosalynn Smith, whom he married shortly after his graduation in He was promoted to lieutenant junior grade in Rickover's demands der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten his men and machines were legendary, and Carter later said that, next to his parents, Rickover was the greatest influence on his life.
On December 12,an accident with the experimental NRX reactor at Atomic Energy of Canada 's Chalk River Laboratories caused a partial meltdown resulting in millions of liters of radioactive water flooding the reactor building's basement and leaving the reactor's core ruined. During and after his presidency, Carter said that his experience at Chalk River had shaped his views on atomic energy and led him to cease development of der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten neutron bomb.
However, Carter's father died two months before construction of Seawolf began, and Carter sought and obtained a release from active duty to enable him to take over the family peanut business. Deciding to leave Schenectady proved difficult. Settling after moving so much, Rosalynn had grown comfortable with their life. Returning to small-town life in Plains seemed "a monumental step backward," she said later. On the other hand, Carter felt restricted by the rigidity of the military and yearned to assume a path more like his father's.
Carter left active duty on October 9, Earl Carter died a relatively wealthy man, having recently been elected to the Georgia House of Representatives.
However, between his forgiveness of debts and the division of his wealth among heirs, his son Jimmy inherited comparatively little. For a year, Jimmy, Rosalynn, and their three sons lived in public housing in Plains; Carter is the only U. Carter was knowledgeable in scientific and technological subjects, and he set out to expand the family's peanut-growing business. The transition from Navy to agribusinessman was difficult because his first-year harvest failed due to drought; Carter was compelled to open several bank lines of credit to keep the farm afloat.
Meanwhile, he also took classes and read up on agriculture while Rosalynn learned accounting to manage the business's books. Though they barely broke even the first year, the Carters grew the business and became quite successful.
Racial tension was inflamed in Plains by the U. Der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten Court 's anti-segregation ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. By he was a prominent member of the community and the Baptist Der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten as well as chairman of the Sumter County school board, where he began to speak more loudly in favor of school integration.
Rosalynn, who had an instinct for politics and organization, was instrumental to his campaign. The initial results showed Carter losing, but this was the result of fraudulent voting orchestrated by Joe Hurst, the Democratic Party chairman in Quitman Countywith the aid of der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten Quitman County sheriff.
The civil rights movement was well underway when Carter took office. He and his family had become staunch John F. Kennedy supporters.
Beginning inthe town of Americus was the site of mass beatings and incarcerations of black protesters,  echoing similar unrest throughout the country. Carter remained relatively quiet on the issue at first, even as it polarized much of the county, to avoid alienating his segregationist colleagues.
He did speak up on a few divisive issues, giving speeches against literacy tests and against a change to the Georgia Constitution which, he felt, implied a compulsion to practice religion.
Carter later called the assassination "the greatest blow that I had suffered since my father died. Carter was der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten diligent legislator who took speed-reading courses to keep up with the workload. Within two years, his connections landed him on the state Democratic Executive Committee, where he helped rewrite the state party's rules. He became chairman of the West Central Georgia Planning and Development Commission, which oversaw the disbursement of federal and state grants for projects such as historic site restoration.
When Bo Callaway was elected to the U. House of Representatives in NovemberCarter immediately began planning to unseat him. The two had previously clashed over which two-year college would be expanded to a four-year college program by the state; Carter wanted it to go to his alma mater, Georgia Southwestern Collegebut Callaway wanted the funding to go to downtown Columbus. Carter saw Callaway, a Republicanas a rival who represented the inherited wealth and selfishness he despised in politics.
Carter was re-elected in der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten serve a second two-year term. Before his der Film Sex and the City in Ägypten ended he contributed to a bill expanding statewide education funding and getting Georgia Southwestern a four-year program. He leveraged his regional planning work, giving speeches around the district to make himself more visible to potential voters. The last day of the term, he announced his run for Congress.
The race for Georgia's 3rd congressional district in was shaken up in mid-May when the incumbent, Bo Callaway, dropped out and decided to run for Governor of Georgia instead. Callaway had just switched from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party inand was a very strong candidate, despite being the first Republican to run for Governor of Georgia since State Democrats panicked over the prospect of losing the governorship they had held since Reconstruction.
Carter decided to run for governor himself. In the Democratic primary he ran against the liberal former governor Ellis Arnall and the conservative segregationist Lester Maddox.
In a press conference he described his ideology as "Conservative, moderate, liberal and middle-of-the-road. I believe I am a more complicated person than that.